09-05-2006, 02:34 PM
مشاركة: حدث في مثل هذا اليوم 7مايو
مشكور اخي عيل المعلومات الهامه
09-05-2006, 02:38 PM
مشاركة: حدث في مثل هذا اليوم 7مايو
1250 الامبراطورية الفرنسية تدفع لمصر دية مالية كبيرة لفك اسر الملك لويس التاسع الذي قبض عليه المصريين بعد هزيمة الحملة الصليبية ضد دمياط والمنصورة .
1845 مولد الموسيقار الروسي العبقري تشايكوفسكي مؤلف موسيقى الملاك النائم وبحيرة البجع ومارش الحرية الذى الفه بمناسبة الغاء نظام العبيد فى روسيا القيصرية .
1953 ميلاد رئيس وزراء بريطانيا الحلى انتونى بلير .
09-05-2006, 10:19 PM
حدث في مثل هذا اليوم : 9 مايو
حدث فيمثل هذا اليوم :
· 9 من مايو 1151 م = 20 من المحرم 546هـ
مولد الخليفة العاضد، آخر خلفاء الدولة الفاطميه، التي بدأت حياتها في بلاد المغرب وأنهتها في مصر على يد صلاح الدين الأيوبي الذي أحل السنية مكان المذهب الإسماعيلي…
· 9 من مايو 1622م = 8 من رجب 1032 هـ
مولد المؤرخ الكبير أبي الفلاح عبد الحي بن أحمد بن محمد الدمشقي، المعروف بـ"ابن العماد"، صاحب كتاب "شذرات الذهب في أخبار من ذهب".
· 9 من مايو1850 م = 27 من جمادى الآخرة 1266هـ
وفاة عالم الفيزياء الفرنسي "جوزيف لوي لوساك" رائد دراسة الحالة الغازية للمواد، وصاحب قانون شهير ينسب إليه، ولد "لوساك" في 15 ديسمبر 1778م.
اكتشاف جثة رئيس الوزراء الإيطالي "ألدهورو" في سيارة بأحد شوارع روما، بعد اختطافه من قبل عصابات المافيا الإيطالية وقتله.
· 9 من مايو 2004م = 20 من ربيع الأول 1425هـ
اغتيال الرئيس الشيشاني الموالي لموسكو أحمد قاديروف، في انفجار استهدفه أثناء وجوده في ملعب بالعاصمة جروزني، وأسفر الانفجار أيضا عن مقتل 32 شخصا وإصابة أكثر من 46 آخرين…
09-05-2006, 10:24 PM
مشاركة: حدث في مثل هذا اليوم : 9 مايو
ALDO MORO FOUND DEAD:http://www.historychannel.com/tdih/t...gory=leadstory
May 9, 1978
On May 9, 1978, the body of former Italian prime minister Aldo Moro is found, riddled by bullets, in the back of a car in the center of historic Rome. He was kidnapped by Red Brigade terrorists on March 16 after a bloody shoot-out near his suburban home. The Italian government refused to negotiate with the extreme left-wing group, which, after numerous threats, executed Moro on May 9. He was a five-time prime minister of Italy and considered a front-runner for the presidency of Italy in elections due in December.
Aldo Moro was regarded by many as Italy's most capable post-World War II politician. A centrist leader of the Christian Democratic Party, he served five times as prime minister in the 1960s and 1970s and promoted cooperation between Italy's disparate political parties. When he formed his first cabinet in 1963, he included some Socialists, who were thus participating in the Italian government for the first time in 16 years. Moro last served as prime minister in 1976, and in October 1976 became president of the Christian Democrats.
On March 11, 1978, he helped end a government crisis when he worked out a parliamentary coalition between the Communist Party and the dominant Christian Democrats. Just five days later, Mr. Moro's car was attacked by a dozen armed Red Brigade terrorists. His five guards were killed, and Moro was abducted and taken to a secret location. On March 18, the Red Brigade issued a communique claiming responsibility for the kidnapping and stating that Moro would undergo a "people's trial."
The Red Brigade, established in 1970 by Italian Renato Curcio, employed bombings, assassinations, kidnappings, and bank robberies as a means of promoting communist revolution in Italy. The Italian Communist Party, which supported democracy and participated in Parliament, condemned the terrorist Red Brigade, and the Red Brigade accused the Communist Party of being a pawn of the bourgeoisie. Renato Curcio and 12 other Red Brigade members were on trial in Turin when Moro was kidnapped, and legal proceedings were only briefly halted after his abduction.
The Italian government declined to negotiate with the kidnappers, claiming that such an action would undermine the state and throw Italy into chaos. Some critics accused the Christian Democrats of yielding to pressure from the Communist Party, whose leaders were even more strongly opposed to a dialogue with the Red Brigade. Police and the army arrested hundreds of suspected terrorists and scoured the country looking for the "people's prison" where Moro was being held but failed to find any solid clues.
On March 19 and April 4, letters apparently freely written by Moro were delivered pleading with the government to negotiate. The government attempted secret talks, but on April 15 the Red Brigade rejected these negotiations and announced that Moro had been found guilty in the people's trial and sentenced to death. Threats to execute him led nowhere, and on April 24 the terrorists demanded the release of 13 Red Brigade members held in Turin in exchange for Moro's life. On May 7, Moro sent a farewell letter to his wife, saying, "They have told me that they are going to kill me in a little while, I kiss you for the last time." Two days later, his body was found on Via Caetani, within 300 yards of the headquarters of the Christian Democrats and 200 yards from the Communist Party headquarters.
According to a wish expressed by Moro during his abduction, no Italian politicians were invited to his funeral. During the next decade, many Red Brigade leaders and members were arrested, and the organization was greatly weakened.
09-05-2006, 10:26 PM
مشاركة: حدث في مثل هذا اليوم : 9 مايو
World War I
1915 Allies launch dual offensive on Western Front
On this day in 1915, Anglo-French forces fighting in World War I launch their first combined attempt to break through the heavily fortified German trench lines on the Western Front in France.
At Vimy Ridge, a strategically important crest of land on the Aisne River, in northwestern France, French troops launched an attack on German positions after firing shrapnel shells for five hours on the morning of May 9, 1915. On the heels of the artillery barrage, the French soldiers left their trenches to advance across No Man’s Land, only to find that the bombardment had failed to break the first German wire. As they struggled to cut the wire themselves, German machine gunners opened fire. Eventually, the French were able to reach their objective, as the Germans withdrew to better lines, but they suffered heavy casualties: one regiment of the French Foreign Legion lost nearly 2,000 of its 3,000 soldiers, including its commanding officer, who was shot in the chest by a sniper, and all three battalion commanders.
That same day, British troops under the orders of Sir Douglas Haig, commander in chief of the 1st Army Corps, attacked German lines further north in the Artois region in an attempt to capture Aubers Ridge, where they had failed during the Battle of Neuve Chapelle two months earlier. The British artillery here also proved ineffective, with many of the shells fired proving defective and many others too light to cause serious damage. As a result, when the soldiers attacked, they were completely unable to break through the German defenses. An entry in the German regimental diary about that ill-fated advance recorded that “There could never before in war have been a more perfect target than this solid wall of khaki men, British and Indian side by side. There was only one possible order to give – ‘Fire until the barrels burst.’”
After the first British assault failed to break the German line, many of the soldiers who had crossed into No Man’s Land and been injured by enemy fire were killed by a follow-up British artillery barrage lasting 40 minutes. British troops running back to their own lines came under German fire as they ran; as they had a number of German prisoners with them, soldiers in the British trenches mistakenly believed they were facing a counter-attack, and also fired on their retreating comrades.
Despite the initial failure, Haig ordered a second attack, disregarding reports from air reconnaissance of a steady forward movement of German reinforcements. Two of his three subordinate commanders protested, including General James Willcocks, commander of the Indian Corps, and General Hubert Gough, commander of the 7th division, who reported to Haig his “certainty of any further attempt to attack by daylight being a failure.” Only one commander, General Richard Haking of the 1st Division, felt confident of the success of a further assault, and Haig accepted his judgment. Thus, the British forces, led by a regiment of kilted bagpipers from the 1st Black Watch, attacked again later on May 9, and were slaughtered by German machine gunners. At dusk, Haig ordered the attackers to push forward with bayonets; faced with overwhelming resistance from his three commanders, he withdrew this order but mandated that battle be resumed the next day. On the morning of May 10 however, Willcocks, Gough and Haking all told Haig they lacked sufficient ammunition to start a second day’s offensive, and the attack was canceled. The first and only day of the Battle of Aubers Ridge had resulted in the loss of 458 officers and 11,161 men. As Haig’s close associate, General Richard Charteris, wrote in his diary on May 11: “Our attack has failed, and failed badly, and with heavy casualties. That is the bald and most unpleasant fact.”
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